Nosemosis is a bee disease practically present in all countries of the world. Control of the presence of Nosema apis and Nosema ceranae is of great importance. The consequences for bees will depend on the degree of infection of the bees colony.Weakening of bee colonies, reduction of production possibilities, contamination with bee feces of hives, death of bees and / or their complete disappearance are some of the signs of the disease. The bees life physiology, which largely depends on the season, and regular control of the pathogenspresence can determine the perspective of the disease.
The consequences of reducing the number of bee colonies are not only reflected in a smaller amount of bee products (honey, royal jelly, pollen, wax), but their lack is directly reflected in agricultural production by reducing pollination. Domestic and international trade in bee products plays an important role in the transmission of Nosema sp. and others infectious and parasitic diseases of bees. Therefore, the control of the presence and viability of Nosema sp. in some bee products is important. Our analysis showed that the control of the presence of the cause of nosemosis in our conditions is small in relation to the number of beekeepers, bee colonies and hives. On the other hand, reducing the viability of Nosema sp. in different temperature conditions provides an opportunity for safe trade.
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