Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis/infectious pustular vulvovaginitis (IBR/IPV) is a disease aff ecting cattle population of all breeds, categories and age. Th e disease can take diff erent clinical courses, infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR) and infectious pustular vulvovaginitis (IPV) being the most common ones. Both diseases, an especially infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR), pose severe health threat and cause major economic losses and are considered one of the most costly diseases in cattle industry. The causal agent is a virus categorized into the family Hepesviridae and designated as bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BHV-1) or IBR/IPV virus. Any positive result to IBR/IPV specifi c antibodies in non-vaccinated cattle, in either blood or milk, indicates the infection, and the animal is considered a source of infection. In this article, we described the needs and prospects for the eradication of IBR/IPV in the Republic of Serbia. The eradication of IBR/IPV is a complex process implying strictly defi ned program of measures. The implementation of such measures requires systematic strategy involving diff erent phases and activities that can continue over several years. The program requires substantial eff orts as well as fi nancial resources, which should be justifi ed and paid off through a successful eradication of IBR/IPV.
Arhives of Veterinary Medicine is an Open Access Journal.