Porcine respiratory coronavirus is an enzootic, viral, respiratory disease of pigs, which manifests with mild clinical signs, but it takes part in the etiopathogenesis of the porcine respiratory disease complex. The virus was first discovered in Belgium in 1984 as a deletion mutant of the transmissible gastroenteritis virus. The two viruses are strongly antigenically related which is why they cross-react in serological tests. In this study, we tested 276 serum samples from different categories of pigs using ELISA test, which allows differentiation between the porcine respiratory coronavirus infection and transmissible gastroenteritis. The seroconversion for coronavirus infection was determined in 80.4% of tested samples. Out of 222 positive samples, 219 samples (98.6%) were positive for porcine respiratory coronavirus antibodies, while 3 (1.01%) samples were positive for transmissible gastroenteritis virus antibodies. Depending on the production category, 97.7% of piglets, 83% of sows, and 35% of gilts tested positive for porcine respiratory coronavirus antibodies. In total, 2.3% of piglets tested positive for transmissible gastroenteritis virus antibodies. Taking into account the characteristics of the ELISA test, its sensitivity and specificity, this result can be considered a false positive, because of a cross-reaction between the porcine respiratory coronavirus antibodies and the transmissible gastroenteritis virus. Specific antibodies in other swine production categories against the transmissible gastroenteritis virus were not determined.
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